When it comes to leather types, recognizing them is not an easy task and sometimes it causes confusion for everyone. Thus, a lot of people maybe find it difficult to understand what these leather types are and their processes. This article will help consumers to classify and define them basing on their appearances. As we know, leather are normally made from animal’s skins such as goat, sheep, pig, buffalo, cow and so on.
Despite the fact that there is a wide range of leather types, we can still divide them into three following main groups which are full aniline, semi-aniline and pigmented leather. Besides, we also give some popular types of leather you may know or use in daily life.
Aniline is also called unfinished leather. This kind of leather has the most natural appearance with the natural surface that attract people most to choose it but it is less resistant than other types of leather.
Moreover, it get easy to be dirty. Actually, this leather is just dyed without additional coverage or protection layers. It is only covered with a thin layer in order to not only spotlight its appearance but also protect it from oil and dirt.
Semi-aniline leather (other name is semi-finished aniline) is more durable than aniline leather. It also still partially retains a natural appearance. Its durability increases because the thin coverage on the surface has a small amount of protective agent. This agent can ensure the equation of color and prevent dirty spots. It can be said that this type of leather provides consumers a great combination of the soft feeling and the natural looking when touching it.
Thirdly, pigmented leather is also named top-finished leather or sealed leather. It is the most durable leather type so it is often used for covering car seat or furniture made from leather. Its durability is formed by polymer coverage on the surface that has the protective agent like semi-aniline leather.
In addition, the surface coating enables this type to control more characteristics of leather such as they capacity resistance to scuff and discoloring. Thus, the thickness of the coverage will be different. This type of leather is also classified into 3 small categories:
4.Full grain pigmented leather
The surface of full grain pigmented leather is kept in the whole intact before it is applied with an external coverage.
5.Corrected grain pigmented leather
The surface of the corrected grain pigmented leather is abraded to remove the imperfect part before it is covered by an external layer. Then, the grain will be embossed on the surface.
Actually, it is very difficult for people to distinguish full grain and corrected grain pigmented leathers with the eyes. We need to carefully observe to realize the differences.
6.Complete layer-bedded leather
The middle or lower layers of complete layer-bedded leather are covered by the polymer coating and embossed as grain leather. This leather should be used in the less impact resistant because it is weaker than the grain leather.
7.Other popular types of leather
Maybe you will feel familiar with this leather type because it is often used as a material for making shoes, coats and seats. It has a variety of colors for you to choose.
With chamois, you will have feeling of softness. Moreover, this type is very lissome to make many leather products. Its appearance is nearly like sheepskin.
Skiver has the special characteristic which is very thin like a paper. Thus, it is flexible and perfect to make leather boots and saddles.
Generally speaking, leather is a necessary material for all people to make different products from clothes like coats, shoes, boots; accessories such as belts, bags; wallets (or purses) to car seats, saddles and furniture. As can be seen, leather plays an important role in our daily life. Because the appearances of leather types are not considerably different, many consumers do not know how to choose or buy.
Understanding this problem, we provide all of you with some useful information about various types of leather. And then, you will have ideas about leather. More importantly, after you make sure that you clearly know what leather types are, you can carry out any leather care or repair work without the fear of ruining it.